As the aral sea began to shrink, it grew more salty freshwater fish living in the sea began to die ships were stranded on the salty deserts that were once seashores. The aral sea is known by the local karakalpaks and uzbeks as the aral ten'iz on the early russian charts dating from 1632 to 1674 it was called the sine more, or blue sea in even earlier times it has been given a variety of names, always related to the name of a local region or settlement or to the name of one of its tributary rivers. Photo of the bottom of the aral sea, near the fishing village of akespe this photo was taken during the ulytau-aral expedition in 2016 that particular day we stopped near a hot spring. Background: the aral sea's vozrozhdeniie island was the main open-air testing ground for soviet biological warfare weapons weaponized agents included tularemia, epidemic typhus, q fever, smallpox, plague, anthrax, venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis, glanders, brucellosis, and marburg infection.
The aral sea philip micklin nv aladin igor plotnikov editors the devastation and partial rehabilitation of a great lake part i background to the aral problem. The aral sea is situated in central asia, between the southern part of kazakhstan and northern uzbekistan up until the third quarter of the 20th century it was the worlds fourth largest saline lake, and contained 10grams of salt per liter the two rivers that feed it are the amu darya and syr. Monitoring the aral sea landscape change thomas panagopoulos faculty of natural resources, university of algarve, campus de gambelas, 8000-139 faro.
Camels graze near grounded fishing ships abandoned after the aral sea dried up but fish are beginning to return to the north aral sea, and so are the fishermen. The ecosystem of the aral sea and the river deltas feeding into it has been nearly destroyed, not least because of the much higher salinity the land around the aral sea is also heavily polluted, and the people living in the area are suffering from a lack of fresh water, as well as from a number of other health problems. Foresight 3 brief early warning, emerging issues and futures science iision looking off over what used to be the aral sea, the raised land to the left used to be the shore. Abandoned ships aral sea the aral sea is a formerly un salt lake in central asia the aral sea was an endorheic lake lying between kazakhstan in the north and uzbekistan in the south. The aral sea is located in kazakhstan, and uzbekistan, in central asia it was once the fourth largest lake in the world but due mostly to irrigation it has shrunk by 70%, from 67,000 square km in 1960 to 30,000 square km by 1996 the major river tributaries to the aral sea, the syr darya, and the.
Aral sea is an example of a regional environmental disaster and the aral sea environmental disaster is actually among the worst ecological disasters find this pin and more on camel family by susan henderson. The aral sea has a grand history in kazakhstan and the central asian region and was once one of the four largest lakes in the world, covering 26,300 square miles with kazakhstan to the north and uzbekistan to the south. The primary effect of the aral sea desiccation has been the significant loss of water in the sea the water level has dropped approximately 23 meters since the onset of its primary sources of water being diverted (zavialov 2005) although the water level has fluctuated up to a few meters in the past. Learn aral sea with free interactive flashcards choose from 177 different sets of aral sea flashcards on quizlet. Executive summary the diminishing sea is the most visible sign of the environmental disaster of the aral sea and its basin by now, the inland sea has lost half of its surface and two third of its volume.
Aral, population just above 30,000, is the largest town on the northeast shore of the north aral sea, and some 73,000 people remain living in the surrounding region here, explained darmenov, the kazakh government and world bank must work together with the syr darya river to save the sea. The left image is the aral sea in 1989, the right image is the aral sea in 2014 [image source] in 1950 the government of the soviet union instituted a program to achieve cotton independence. The aral sea ecological change has resulted in total obliteration of the fish stocks upon which these communities formerly depended for their sustenance and employment, and the contemporary aral sea is essentially a hypersaline lake with near-total elimination of species of fresh, brackishwater, or marine origin. Transcript of the aral sea shrinking introduction background info the region's two major rivers, were used to help cotton and other crops grow. The aral sea in central asia used to be one of the world's largest lakes nasa explains, in the 1960s, the soviet union undertook a major water diversion project on the arid plains of kazakhstan.
I case background 1 abstract the destruction of the aral sea ecosystem has been sudden and severe beginning in the 1960s, agricultural demands have deprived this large central asian salt lake of enough water to sustain itself, and it has shrunk rapidly. The aral sea is actually not a sea at all it is an immense lake, a body of fresh water, although that particular description of its contents might now be more a figure of speech than practical fact. Reaching aral sea looking toward the west from the shore of the sea, with the edge of the ustyurt plateau visible in the background sea shells embedded in the ground, the remains of the abundant life that existed in the aral sea. Most of the sea's water supply had been diverted, and in the 1960s, the aral sea began to shrink from 1961 to 1970, the aral's level fell at an average of 20cm a year in the 1970s, the average rate nearly tripled to 50- per year, and by the 1980s, it continued to drop, now with a mean of 80- each year.
The aral sea basin programme is the main long-term action programme in the region in the field of sustainable development, including the management of water resources and environmental protection.